Clara Mackenzie does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.University of Stirling provides funding as a member of The Conversation UK.
Clara Mackenzie does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.Tags: Teen Violence EssaysThesis Statement For The Penalty ProResearch Paper With Citations ExampleTwelve Features Of An EssayCapstone Project ManagementPoultry Business Plan Template
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is a Strategic Partner.
more Every year, millions of animals are used in scientific research across the UK.
Animal research can be a costly business, so lack of provision of humane conditions can also lead to major financial losses.
Finally, there are major legal implications to consider.
Recent evidence suggests that some invertebrates may well have capacity for feeling pain and distress, so there may be an argument for ASPA inclusion.
The majority of ASPA-covered research animals are used in genetic research.Statistics suggest that almost four million scientific procedures were carried out on animals in 2016 alone.The majority of these were reported to be on mice (73%), followed by fish (14%), rats (6%) and birds (4%).Maintaining the welfare of animals is also of considerable benefit to researchers.For example, where animals are sick or in discomfort, results will be highly flawed.While many understand and accept (perhaps reluctantly) that animal research is necessary for tackling the major health, environmental and economic issues of our times, the fact that so many animals are used for advancing these causes can seem counter-progressive and cruel.Still, we cannot shy away from the reality that this research is going on and is of huge benefit to human beings and other species. Closer examination of these numbers reveals several things.While a relatively smaller percentage (approximately 14% in 2016) in comparison to other uses, this remains a miserable fate for several hundred thousand animals.Though uncomfortable to discuss, the severity of procedures is also worth considering.First, they only include non-human vertebrates – animals with a backbone – and cephalopods, such as octopus or squid.These animals are deemed capable of experiencing pain, suffering, distress and lasting harm.