' and there came this tremendous burst of light followed abruptly there after by the deep growling of the explosion, his face relaxed into an expression of tremendous relief," recalled General L. Groves of Oppenheimer, in a memorandum for Secretary of War Stimson. was engaged in heavy fighting with the Japanese at Iwo Jima and Okinawa.Tags: Do Essay PaperEssay Outline For Vimy RidgeDeveloping Creative Writing SkillsBusiness Plan IsNarrative Essay By KidsMiddlebury Community EssayA Term Paper FormatTrinity College Melbourne Essay Competition 2012
A feeling of vindication and a desire to end the war strengthened the resolve of the United States to quickly and decisively conclude it.
President Harry Truman had many alternatives at his disposal for ending the war: invade the Japanese mainland, hold a demonstration of the destructive power of the atomic bomb for Japanese dignitaries, drop an atomic bomb on selected industrial Japanese cities, bomb and blockade the islands, wait for Soviet entry into the war on August 15, or mediate a compromised peace.
The imprecision of bombing and the use of devastating city bombing in Europe eventually swayed United States Pacific theater military leaders to authorize bombing of Japanese mainland cities.
Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, and Kobe all were decimated by incendiary and other bombs.
In all, hundreds of thousands of civilians were killed in these air strikes meant to deter the resolve of the Japanese people.
Yet, Japanese resolve stayed strong and the idea of a bloody "house to house" invasion of the Japanese mainland would produce thousands more American and Allied casualties.
In the early morning hours of July 16, 1945, great anticipation and fear ran rampant at White Sands Missile Range near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
Robert Oppenheimer, director of the Manhattan Project, could hardly breathe.
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