plays, books, television shows, entire websites) and provide a page number. In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title of the article appears in the parenthetical citation which corresponds to the full name of the article which appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry in the Works Cited.
We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page.
For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).
Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).
When there are more than two authors, they are referenced as such: (Smith, Jones, et al, 179). Although a quote from an expert can add impact to your essay, in most cases you should try to either paraphrase or summarize the information, using citation to reference your source.
However, when you do use direct quotations, follow these rules: If you make a change in the quotation, such as an underline or bold text in part of the quotation, note it in parentheses after the quotation.Both citations in the examples above, (263) and (Wordsworth 263), tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page 263 of a work by an author named Wordsworth.If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name.This method involves placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase.MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation.Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children ("Too Soon" 38), though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year ("Hand-Eye Development" 17).Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources.For example: If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others.Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks.Put the text "Works Cited" at the top center of the page.Generally the woks cited should include the name of the author, the name of the article used (if applicable), the name of the publication, the city of publication, and the year of publication of all the references that you used to write your essay.