Even though there were differences of opinion on slavery within Union states at the time and not all the states that held slaves were part of The Confederacy, it was generally clear that The North and The South held opposing views to slavery, leading to political causes of the civil war.
From a philosophical perspective, slave ownership was not consistent with republicanism, a philosophy which held unalienable individual rights and liberty as its key central values.
The rise of chattel slavery meant that slaves could be bought and sold as property and any children the slaves had could become property too. As Lincoln stated in his inaugural address, one-eighth of the American population were coloured slaves that were localised in The South which had particular and powerful interests.
All knew that these interests were somehow the cause of the war.
This international conflict is perhaps the most written about and studied piece of United States history.
The war brought about an estimated 700,000-800,000 casualties, more than the American Revolution, World War I, World War II Vietnam put together.The majority of slavery was illegal in The North as it had been outlawed in the 19th century, yet its expansion was rife in southern states.Farming wasn’t as important in The North whereas the cheap workforce of slavery provided the backbone for the economy in the southern region. the strong desire to use cheap slave labour in The South created strong conflicts between both parties which ultimately escalated.So this is how southern politicians instilled fear in their constituents.A worthwhile research paper topic is to determine whether or not northern politicians did the same thing (with opposite intentions)?Even after Lincoln’s election, the North would not have had a sufficient majority in the Senate to end slavery, as this would have required a two-thirds majority vote to pass a constitutional amendment.Arguably, this would not have happened until at least 1896, when Nevada was admitted as the 30In the meantime, the South could have made adjustments to its economy to accommodate the additional labor costs that would have resulted from the increased wages for the former slaves.As republicanism was the core philosophy of the United States, The Union longed to bring slavery to a gradual end by containing its spread throughout the nation.The South believed that this idea went against their Constitutional rights and that they should be allowed to own slaves if they so desired.Even though Lincoln was a “moderate” Republican on the slavery issue—stating time and again that he believed slavery should die a slow death over the coming years rather than be immediately ended, southern people became fearful of what would happen in the event he, or any Republican, was elected.To the vast majority of the southern people, who did not own or have any interest in slaves, the election of Lincoln would have had little adverse impact.