Compulsory Education Essay

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The report admits that 8.1 million children in the age group six-14 remain out of school and there’s a shortage of 508,000 teachers country-wide.

A shadow report by the RTE Forum representing the leading education networks in the country, however, challenging the findings pointing out that several key legal commitments are falling behind the schedule.

The states have been clamouring that they lack financial capacity to deliver education of appropriate standard in all the schools needed for universal education.

Thus it was clear that the central government (which collects most of the revenue) will be required to subsidise the states.

In the 1990s, the World Bank funded a number of measures to set up schools within easy reach of rural ommunities.

This effort was consolidated in the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan model in the 1990s.India Sajit Krishnan Kutty, Secretary of The Educators Assisting Children's Hopes (TEACH) India; Annie Namala, an activist and head of Centre for Social Equity and Inclusion; and Aboobacker Ahmad, vice-president of Muslim Education Society, Kerala.A report on the status of implementation of the Act was released by the Ministry of Human Resource Development on the one year anniversary of the Act.The Ministry of HRD set up a high-level, 14-member National Advisory Council (NAC) for implementation of the Act.The members included Kiran Karnik, former president of NASSCOM; Krishna Kumar, former director of the NCERT; Mrinal Miri, former vice-chancellor of North-East Hill University; Yogendra Yadav – social scientist.The Supreme Court of India has also intervened to demand implementation of the Act in the Northeast.It has also provided the legal basis for ensuring pay parity between teachers in government and government aided schools.Universal adult franchise in the act was opposed since most of the population was illiterate.Article 45 in the Constitution of India was set up as an act: The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years.Haryana Government has assigned the duties and responsibilities to Block Elementary Education Officers–cum–Block Resource Coordinators (BEEOs-cum-BRCs) for effective implementation and continuous monitoring of implementation of Right to Education Act in the State.It has been pointed out that the RTE act is not new.


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