Deforestation Case Study

Deforestation Case Study-42
a.s.l.) and an upper bamboo forest (higher than 2600 m.a.s.l.) followed by some open grasslands in the highest areas (2800-3000 m. Most of the high Animal biodiversity is noticeable and strongly related to habitat quality.

a.s.l.) and an upper bamboo forest (higher than 2600 m.a.s.l.) followed by some open grasslands in the highest areas (2800-3000 m. Most of the high Animal biodiversity is noticeable and strongly related to habitat quality.

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Natural resources are part of the political struggle, being at the same time a means and an end in the relations of powers between the stakeholders.

The link between natural resources and political issues is crucial in many African States where “politically-mediated access to public resources has been a key mechanism for purchasing allegiance and maintaining support for African rulers” (Mwenda, Tangri, 2005, pp. From this perspective, the control over natural resources becomes a strategic element within the neopatrimonial dynamics that characterize African States (Bratton, van de Walle, 1994).

The climate conditions of the area adjacent to the forest have supported the development of the cultivation of tea, one of the main national agricultural products.

Maasai Mara National Reserve and Lake Nakuru National Park, two famous tourist destinations, take advantage of the rivers that pass through them and that have their sources in the Mau Forest.

The forest was declared a Crown Land in the 1930s, and then gazetted as a Forest Reserve twenty years later.

Business Plan For Software Development - Deforestation Case Study

Mau Complex has been subjected to drastic deforestation since the colonial era and especially in the fifteen years before the promulgation of the Forest Act (2005).The paper investigates the deforestation process in the Mau Forest (Kenya), a large tropical complex (380,000 ha) in the Rift Valley Region (figure 1), focusing on the relations of power that structure this process.Since colonial times the forest has been under pressure from different processes and the deforestation has continued steadily over the years even after independence.The Mau Complex is composed of 22 blocks2 – all but one of them (the Maasai Mau) declared forest reserves3 – located along a North-South axis of 150 km at an altitude of between 1200 m and 3000 m.The Mau Forest plays an important role in the agricultural, tourism and energy sectors.In this paper we highlight how these strategies embedded in national politics have influenced the deforestation process in the Mau Forest and how local communities have reacted to these dynamics. In the first paragraph we define the context of the Mau Forest1, highlighting the socio-environmental capital that is at stake.In the second part, we highlight the political issues underlying the proximate drivers of deforestation: for each driver we analyze the actors and the relations of powers that have fuelled the deforestation process. Google(); req('single_work'); $('.js-splash-single-step-signup-download-button').one('click', function(e){ req_and_ready('single_work', function() ); new c. The proximate causes of the deforestation are three: agriculture, wood production and infrastructures.In this context of pressure on natural resources, local communities have developed different projects to reduce deforestation and promote alternative development strategies, especially through the Community Forest Associations (CFAs).These dynamics show that deforestation is a complex issue whose solutions lie primarily outside the forest itself and that it should be tackled with suitable policies on crucial issues such as land, agriculture, infrastructure and indigenous peoples.

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