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In the mental world, leading ideas include the metaphor of the mind as a computer, modularity of mind and brain, genetically governed characteristics of the mind/brain that get triggered and shaped by the environment, and the recognition of unconscious mental activity.These ideas shape our perception of reality, yield metaphors for ordering and making sense of our experience, and guide further inquiry by influencing the questions we ask and the answers we provide, in a way that go beyond the boundaries of individual disciplines.Based on this discussion, we may formulate our first requirement of "educatedness" as follows: The term "decisions" in the above statement covers decisions on what to do (i.e., pragmatic decisions) as well as decisions on what to believe (i.e., epistemic decisions).
The concept of the functional asymmetry of the left and right brains was not part of human knowledge in the seventeenth century, but today it is part of not only the knowledge of the specialist, but also the lay educated person.
A few centuries ago, specialists and non-specialists alike believed that the sun revolves around the earth.
In contrast, we agree that the idea that matter consists of molecules and molecules consist of atoms is part of the general knowledge of any educated person in modern times.
It is also important to bear in mind that what is regarded as knowledge keeps changing over time.
We do not expect an educated person in modern times to subscribe to this belief.
Even the division between specialized and general knowledge does not remain static.In its common usage, the word "knowledge" refers to propositional knowledge of the form "X knows that Y".Thus, we expect an educated person in the modern world to know that the square root of four is two, that the earth spins on its axis and goes round the sun, that the pumping of the heart circulates blood, that rice is high in carbohydrates and low in protein, and that the Greek notion of democracy did not include women and slaves.The concept of sensitivity-to-initial-conditions in chaos theory used to be part of specialized knowledge in the physical sciences, but it is fast becoming part of the general knowledge of educated people.Finally, we must remember that even at a given time, general knowledge has both a universal component and a culture specific component.Ramsay Mac Donald joined a group of "old students" of a workingmen's college at supper in London a few nights ago, and discussed with his sometime comrades the real meaning of education and the definition of the "educated man." Certainly, said this man who has sat in the seat of Gladstone, the educated man is not a "learned man." By this is meant that he is not necessarily educated because he is learned.Nor is he an educated man simply because he is a university man, added this son of a farm laborer who was thrilled last July when the University of Glasgow gave him its degree, the greatest of prizes in the eyes of a Scotchman. Here is the educated man, according to the former Prime Minister: The educated man is a man with certain subtle spiritual qualities which make him calm in adversity, happy when alone, just in his dealings, rational and sane in the fullest meaning of that word in all the affairs of his life." Such a man may be as learned as Aristotle, or he may, as Mr. New York Times The comprehensive resource for navigating the job search, composing strong resumes and cover letters, performing at interviews, using Harvard’s Campus Interview Program, and profiles from alumni in different industries.For instance, if a person who was born and brought up in India has not heard about Carnatik music and Hindustani music, I would regard him/her as lacking in education, but this would not apply to a person born and brought up in Australia.Similarly, one would expect an educated person in Singapore to be familiar with the history of Singapore, but there is no reason to expect this of an educated German.Granted that certain aspects of general knowledge are culture specific, we still need to acknowledge a core of universal ingredients of knowledge in the modern world.Twentieth century individuals who believe that a two day old human embryo has very small arms and legs have a gap in their education, independently of the culture they come from.