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Due to this, industries and services cannot develop.With the increase of population, the volume of employment and unemployment increases.
Highest literacy rate (94.0%) is in Kerla and the lowest (61.8%) is in Bihar.
The lowering in children gender ratio is surely a matter of concern.
As per the new Census, India’s population, on 1st March, 2011, has become 1,21,05,69,573.
In this way, Indian population has increased by 18.15 crores (17.7 per cent) during 2001-11.
Conclusively, we can say that our population is not a burden over our country but it is a human resource.
With this mindset only, we can move ahead on the way to progress.
In year 2001, there were 16 per cent children of 0-6 years category in the total population while in the year 2011 this has declined to 13 per cent.
Another remarking feature of the census results shows that the percentage growth of six most populous states—Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have declined, which shows another impact of improved literacy and economic growth.
According to 2011 census, the total Indian population at the dawn of 1st March, 2011 was 121 crore.
India accounts for a meagre 2.4% of the world surface area of 135.79 million sq. Yet, it supports and sustains a whopping 17.5% of the world population.