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The practice of evidence based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external evidence from systematic research.” (Sackett et al 1996;72) Nurses are at the frontline of healthcare and have most one to one contact time with clients; therefore it is essential that the foundation of their practice be formed from reliable evidence (Parahoo 2006).Evidence based practice sets out to integrate the best possible evidence, nursing knowledge and patient views into practice.Their aim as an organisation is to provide health care workers, clients and their carers with information on the most current and reliable evidence used within health care settings.
Barriers with regard to the nature of the evidence may include research questions unsuitable to clinical practice.
In relation to communication of evidence the language used in the research may be deemed as inaccessible due to complex terminology.
This process should be performed in a clear manner so that it would be possible for others to carry out this research.
In second place on the hierarchy is randomised controlled trials, third; non-randomised controlled trials, fourth; non-experimental studies and fifth; descriptive studies/expert committees.
The aim of this type of review is to carry out an extensive and thorough search of material already available on this topic.
The most fitting material in relation to the topic is chosen, this is then evaluated, the findings are then collaborated and summarised to answer the original question.
After analysis the researcher would typically translate findings, examine the limitations and make suggestion as to how to implement into practice.
Recommendations may be made for additional research needed.
In nursing research the aim of this research is to provide clients, their carers and their families with the best possible care in all aspects of their treatment to promote wellbeing (Burns and Grove 2001).
“The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.