Copyright usually refers to the rights of authors in their literary and artistic works.
In a wider sense, copyright also includes ‘related rights’: the rights of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organizations.
The TRIPS Agreement covers five broad areas: how general provisions and basic principles of the multilateral trading system apply to international intellectual property what the minimum standards of protection are for intellectual property rights that members should provide which procedures members should provide for the enforcement of those rights in their own territories how to settle disputes on intellectual property between members of the WTO special transitional arrangements for the implementation of TRIPS provisions.
As in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), the starting point of the TRIPS Agreement is basic principles.
Marks that have become well-known in a particular country enjoy additional protection.
A name or indication associated with a place is sometimes used to identify a product.Here the starting point is the obligations of the main international agreements of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) that already existed before the WTO was created: the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (patents, industrial designs, etc) the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (copyright). In some cases, the standards of protection prescribed were thought inadequate.So the TRIPS Agreement adds significantly to existing international standards.The TRIPS Agreement has an additional important general objective: intellectual property protection should contribute to technical innovation and the transfer of technology.Both producers and users should benefit, and economic and social welfare should be enhanced, the TRIPS Agreement says.The WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), negotiated during the 1986-94 Uruguay Round, introduced intellectual property rules into the multilateral trading system for the first time.The idea of trade, and what makes trade valuable for societies, has evolved beyond simply shipping goods across borders.Governments grant creators the right to prevent others from using their inventions, designs or other creations — and to use that right to negotiate payment in return for others using them. Governments grant creators these rights as an incentive to produce and spread ideas that will benefit society as a whole.The extent of protection and enforcement of these rights varied widely around the world; and as intellectual property became more important in trade, these differences became a source of tension in international economic relations.This “geographical indication” does not only say where the product comes from.More importantly, it identifies the product’s special characteristics, which are the result of the product’s origins.