One use of this technology, for example, is to help treat individuals in the aftermath of a heart attack.Using SCNT to create a genetically identical blastocyst, new healthy cells could be derived and inserted back into the genetic donor’s heart in order to replace the damaged cardiac cells (Strauer, 2009).Tags: Mla Handbook For Writers Of Research Papers 5th EditionResearch Paper Stem Cell ResearchGraphic Organizer Research PaperBreaking Barriers EssayJohn Locke An Essay Concerning Human Understanding + NotesGive Me The Answers To My Math HomeworkFunny Poems About Homework
In biology, the activity of cloning creates a copy of some biological entity such as a gene, a cell, or perhaps an entire organism.
This article discusses the biological, historical, and moral aspects of cloning mammals.
Although some ethicists are in favor of using surplus embryos from fertility treatments for research (since the embryos were slated for destruction in any case), they are simultaneously against creating embryos solely for research due to the concern that doing so treats the embryos purely as means (Outka, 2002; Peters, 2001).
Indeed, it is precisely because of these ethical issues that some individuals object to the positive connotations of the term “therapeutic” and refer to this work, instead, as “research cloning.” The term “therapeutic cloning” is, however, more widely used. Unlike therapeutic cloning, the cloned embryo is transferred into a uterus of a female of the same species and would be, upon successful implantation, allowed to gestate as a naturally fertilized egg would.
Pluripotent stem cells can also be used to test drug toxicity which could also diminish the chances of drug-related birth defects (Boiani and Schöler, 2002, 124).
Therapeutic cloning is controversial because isolating the stem cells from the embryo destroys it.
The tissue could be experimented upon to understand why disease occurs.
It could be used to understand the genetic contribution to disease and to test vast arrays of new drugs which could not be tested in human people” (Savulescu, 2007, 1-2).
Arguments against cloning appeal to concerns about a clone’s lack of genetic uniqueness and what may be implied because of this. There are concerns that cloned humans would lack individuality, that they would be treated in undignified ways by their creators, or that they would be damaged by society’s expectations that they should be more like those from whom they were cloned.
Because they would essentially be facsimiles of the original person, there is concern that the clones might possess less moral worth.