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Naturally, there is a tremendous pressure on the natural resources, which directly or indirectly lead to the occurrence of disasters, namely floods, droughts, landslides, earthquakes, etc.
India has faced a number of disasters, ranging from flood, earthquakes, cyclones, tsunami, drought, landslides.
A few recent disasters faced by India include Uttar Kasha earthquake in UP in 1991, Later earthquake in Maharashtra in 1993, Chama earthquake in Gujarat, super cyclone in Orissa in 1999, Buhl earthquake in Gujarat in 2001, Tsunami in 2004 and Mumbai-Gujarat flood in 2005.
Besides, India has a bad experience of technology-related tragedy in the form of gas tragedy in Bhopal in 1984. The direct or indirect impacts of disasters, either natural or technological, are always damage, destruction and death.
They cause loss of life of both men and animals and properties as well.
Besides the natural disasters, transport accidents and technological disasters are also faced by the developing countries.
India, due to its geographical locations and geological formations, is a highly disaster prone country.
At the occurrence of disaster, everything goes haywire in view of the destruction of lifeline support systems, namely communication, power supply, water supply, drainage, etc.
In this situation the health care and hospitals are also put under severe stress.
The forest cover with more than 0.4 densities is 12 per cent of the land area, though forest, at present, is 23 per cent.
Due to overgrazing the quality of soil is also degrading resulting in soil erosion, silting of rivers, and removal of fertile soil and heavy silting of cultivable land.