The top of the cylinder has a hole in the middle, called an oculus. In ancient times, the outside walls had colored marble on them. The only natural light that enters the Pantheon goes through the oculus from the top and through the bronze doors at the bottom.
This results in patterns of light that change throughout the day because of the suns movements.
The use of columns and arches helped Romans to significantly increase the size of structures.
Romans started by improving the inventions of the previous civilizations but set new standards in all types of construction and engineering.
At the start of Roman history, they imported their marble from another great ancient city; Greece.
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However, they did eventually find quarries in northern Italy that held an abundance of white marble.
The interior of the Pantheon is in the shape of a cylinder.
The diameter at the floor of the cylinder is also 142 feet, which is equal to the height of the interior of the cylinder. These rings of concrete have less weight as the raise in height. While the bottom rings were 20 feet thick, they become only 4 feet thick at the oculus.
Infrastructure was also an area of interest for the Romans as they developed their city walls well before the......? The Power of the Gate : The sculptured portal of St. One attribute the Romans brought to their structures were arches built with post and lintel.
ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN ARCHITECTURE The art and design of construction, also known as architecture, refers to building of structures. Roman Architecture used arches as a basic design... Ancient Greek Architecture Hellenic people have introduced their culture in Greece along with the ancient Greek architecture.