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The writer must also consider opposing positions, providing evidence to refute them.This argumentative essay definition will get you started, but to fully master the concept, as well as the writing process involved, you need a more nuanced definition. Often, argumentative essay topics are controversial, which is one reason they are great for college students who are trying to expand their thinking.
For the planning stage, you can try creating an outline using bullet points, or you can create a graphic organizer such as a chart or mind map if that helps you better. For example, you can create a spreadsheet with your three main claims listed across the top row.
Then, in the rows below each claim, you can list the evidence you plan to use.
It presents the writer’s case for why his or her position is correct or best.
With these in place, an argumentative essay writer should analyze opposing positions, or counterarguments.
Essentially, it’s a form of persuasive writing that focuses on an area of contention.
Rubric For Argumentative Essay
The writer of such an essay takes a particular stand, or position, on an issue and then uses persuasive techniques to outline why this position is correct or best.The writer should not only describe the counterarguments but also state key reasons and evidence for why they’re wrong—in other words, a counterargument for the counterargument.This process is called refutation, and it helps to strengthen the writer’s position and show how contentious the topic is.Other people believe tobacco should be outlawed because it harbors chemicals that affect human health, contributing to chronic illnesses and cancer.Because of the inherent controversy, writers of argumentative essays are sometimes considered rockstars.For example, the question of whether tobacco should be banned by law is highly contentious.Some believe that people should be allowed to use tobacco because it generates economic returns.Such writers must know how to leverage the power of persuasion through logic, well-arranged thoughts, and a deep understanding of the topic (Purdue Education, 2015).In other words, a skilled argumentative essay writer should have the means to become an expert on a topic and be able to tackle it from different sides using studies and other evidence.Tangible quantified evidence will enhance the value of the essay because it influences the reader and ushers them to your line of argument.The author’s argument is a combination of the thesis, the reasons, and the evidence.