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The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory that explains why the research problem under study exists.A theoretical framework consists of concepts and, together with their definitions and reference to relevant scholarly literature, existing theory that is used for your particular study.However, the difference between theory and hypothesis in scholarly research is important, particularly when using an experimental design.
The data collection and analysis are also based on the theoretical and conceptual framework.
As stated by Grant and Osanloo (2014), “Without a theoretical framework, the structure and vision for a study is unclear, much like a house that cannot be constructed without a blueprint.
By contrast, a research plan that contains a theoretical framework allows the dissertation study to be strong and structured with an organized flow from one chapter to the next.” Theoretical and conceptual frameworks provide evidence of academic standards and procedure.
They also offer an explanation of why the study is pertinent and how the researcher expects to fill the gap in the literature.
By virtue of its applicative nature, good theory in the social sciences is of value precisely because it fulfills one primary purpose: to explain the meaning, nature, and challenges associated with a phenomenon, often experienced but unexplained in the world in which we live, so that we may use that knowledge and understanding to act in more informed and effective ways.
A theoretical framework is used to limit the scope of the relevant data by focusing on specific variables and defining the specific viewpoint [framework] that the researcher will take in analyzing and interpreting the data to be gathered.
Many social science research papers fit into this rubric.
For example, Peripheral Realism Theory, which categorizes perceived differences among nation-states as those that give orders, those that obey, and those that rebel, could be used as a means for understanding conflicted relationships among countries in Africa.
Given this, testing theoretical assumptions is an important way that knowledge in any discipline develops and grows.
If you're asked to apply an existing theory to a research problem, the analysis may include an expectation .