The most positive human impact that has been made on the Stockton Bight Coastal Sand Dunes was by the Aboriginal people, particularly the Worimi Nation.The Worimipeople, through a practice called "fire stick farming", have actively encouraged vegetation growth.
The built environment in this area, especially the Stockton Caravan Park and Surf Club, are in danger of being claimed by the sea as each big storm brings with it destructive waves that erode the foredune area but the flow of sediment to replenish it has been altered by the sea wall. Coastal Dunes are located along an area that is desirable for human habitation as its intrinsic value has made it a popular place for where people want to live.
Since demand for land and housing near coasts are high, coastal dunes have high economic worth (utility value).
Renowned golf course architect Tom Doak has golfers turned around in northern Michigan..literally and figuratively.
Doak and the team at Renaissance Golf Design have laid out a “reversible" golf course called The Loop.
The site contains swamp forest, dry sclerophyll open forest and wet heath that supports habitat for a range of threatened species and ecological communities listed in the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (TSC Act).
The site forms part of a larger fragment of coastal woodland in the Fern Bay area and adjoins the floodplain of Fullerton Cove wetlands (a SEPP 14 wetland) and conserved within the Kooragang Nature Reserve.These impacts have been caused by the following human activities: In terms of the lithosphere, the accretion cycle has been adversely affected Dune vegetation has low elasticity (takes longer to recover).Most of the coast has already lost some of its intrinsic value, which may be costly and difficult to rehabilitate. The accretion cycle is dependant on the flow of sediment along the coast.No threatened populations currently listed under the TSC Act and the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) have been recorded on the site.One Endangered Ecological Community (EEC), being the ‘Swamp Sclerophyll Forest on coastal floodplains of the NSW north coast, Sydney basin and south east corner bioregions’, is located in the swamp forest adjoining Nelson Bay Road.Many of these will be covered in more detail in the next chapter in contemporary management strategies.Humans have adversely affected the Coastal Dunes at Stockton Bight particularly on the biophysical processes occurring in the accretion cycle, and on the flora and fauna in the biosphere.As explained earlier, vegetation plays two important roles on Coastal Sand Dunes.Firstly, it helps stabilise dunes by trapping and stabilising the sand particles.Unfortunately, the positive steps have been in response to the negative impacts that are outlined below.In recent years, European mangers have started to eradicate the introduced species such as Bitou Bush, reduce access to certain parts of the Dunes, restabilise the foredune , and conserve and protect threatened species etc.