Tax Evasion Socio-Legal Dissertation .Doc 2007

Tax Evasion Socio-Legal Dissertation .Doc 2007-10
It is often considered that the extent of evasion depends on the severity of punishment for evasion.A "Lion's Mouth" postbox for anonymous denunciations at the Doge's Palace in Venice, Italy.

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In liberal democracies, a fundamental problem with inhibiting evasion of local sales taxes is that liberal democracies, by their very nature, have few (if any) border controls between their internal jurisdictions.

Therefore, it is not generally cost-effective to enforce tax collection on low-value goods carried in private vehicles from one jurisdiction to another with a different tax rate.

Text translation: "Secret denunciations against anyone who will conceal favors and services or will collude to hide the true revenue from them." Tax farming is an historical means of collection of revenue.

Governments received a lump sum in advance from a private entity, which then collects and retains the revenue and bears the risk of evasion by the taxpayers.

Tax evasion is a crime in almost all developed countries, and the guilty party is liable to fines and/or imprisonment.

In Switzerland, many acts that would amount to criminal tax evasion in other countries are treated as civil matters.Customs duties are an important source of revenue in developing countries.Importers purport to evade customs duty by (a) under-invoicing and (b) misdeclaration of quantity and product-description. Smuggling is importation or exportation of foreign products by illegal means.However, sub-national governments will normally seek to collect sales tax on high-value items such as cars.Dennis Kozlowski is a particularly notable figure for his alleged evasion of sales tax.Dishonestly misreporting income in a tax return is not necessarily considered a crime.Such matters are handled in the Swiss tax courts, not the criminal courts.What started as an investigation into Kozlowski's failure to declare art purchases for the purpose of evading New York state sales taxes eventually led to Kozlowski's conviction and incarceration on more serious charges related to the misappropriation of funds during his tenure as CEO of Tyco International.The level of evasion also depends on the efficiency of the tax administration.Corruption by tax officials make it difficult to control evasion.Tax administrations use various means to reduce evasion and increase the level of enforcement: for example, privatization of tax enforcement Corrupt tax officials co-operate with the taxpayers who intend to evade taxes.

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