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Gandhi announced that he would fast until “a reunion of hearts of all communities” had been achieved. “It is the acid test of non-violence,” Gandhi once said, “that in a non-violent conflict there is no rancor left behind and, in the end, the enemies are converted into friends.” Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma).An old man, he weakened rapidly, but he did not break his fast until Hindu and Muslim leaders came to him pledging peace. The assassin was a Hindu who believed Gandhi had sold out to the Muslims.
While in jail, Gandhi read the essay “Civil Disobedience” by Henry David Thoreau, a 19th-century American writer.
Gandhi adopted the term “civil disobedience” to describe his strategy of non-violently refusing to cooperate with injustice, but he preferred the Sanskrit word satyagraha (devotion to truth).
The British sometimes struck back with violence, but Gandhi insisted Indians remain non-violent. But as the movement spread, Indians started rioting in some places. He drew heavy criticism from fellow nationalists, but Gandhi would only lead a non-violent movement. At one trial he said, “In my humble opinion, non-cooperation with evil is as much a duty as is cooperation with good.” When he was released, he continued leading non-violent protests. He opposed dividing the country into Hindu and Muslim nations, believing in one unified India.
When India finally gained independence, the problem became how Hindus and Muslims would share power. In May 1947, British, Hindu, and Muslim political leaders, but not Gandhi, reached an agreement for independence that created a Hindu-dominated India and a Muslim Pakistan.
Students are taught original writings of Gandhi's writings along with courses on modern Indian thinkers in comparative method along with philosophy of science and social sciences. The evaluation comprises mid-term examination, assignments (book review / term paper / seminar presentation) and end-term examination. in Political Science Since 2017, the Centre offers M. The programme aims at equipping the students with theoretical knowledge of politics as well as political processes.
After successful completion of compulsory course work of Two Semesters, students write dissertation. Students will also explore the society-politics interface.Gandhism is a body of ideas that describes the inspiration, vision and the life work of Mohandas Gandhi.It is particularly associated with his contributions to the idea of nonviolent resistance, sometimes also called civil resistance.The ruling white Boers (descendants of Dutch settlers) discriminated against all people of color.When railroad officials made Gandhi sit in a third-class coach even though he had purchased a first-class ticket, Gandhi refused and police forced him off the train. Gandhi became an outspoken critic of South Africa’s discrimination policies.As Independence Day (August 15, 1947) approached, an explosion of Hindu and Muslim looting, rape, and murder erupted throughout the land.Millions of Hindus and Muslims fled their homes, crossing the borders into India or Pakistan.Another objective of the programme is to impart to the students a theoretical understanding of philosophy of science and social science, and practical methods for research in political science.All the sixteen courses will be based on classroom teaching.In 1888, Gandhi sailed to England and studied to become a lawyer.His first job for an Indian company required that he move to South Africa.