The Abolitionist perspective holds that governments should work towards the elimination of prostitution.
The Outlaw Perspective views work in the sex trade as a “stepping stone to a better career or an expression of sexual freedom”.
These feminists argue that sexual liberation for women cannot be achieved as long as we normalize unequal sexual practices where a man dominates a woman.
Such feminists see prostitution as a form of male dominance over women, as the client has sex with a woman who does not enjoy it and who may be making a tremendous psychological effort to mentally dissociate herself from the client.
Barbara Sullivan says, "In the academic literature on prostitution there are very few authors who argue that valid consent to prostitution is possible.
Most suggest that consent to prostitution is impossible or at least unlikely.".They say that most women who become prostitutes do so because they were forced or coerced by a pimp or by human trafficking, or, when it is an independent decision, it is generally the result of extreme poverty and lack of opportunity, or of serious underlying problems, such as drug addiction, past trauma (such as child sexual abuse) and other unfortunate circumstances.These feminists point out that women from the lowest socioeconomic classes—impoverished women, women with a low level of education, women from the most disadvantaged racial and ethnic minorities—are overrepresented in prostitution all over the world; as stated by Catherine Mac Kinnon: "If prostitution is a free choice, why are the women with the fewest choices the ones most often found doing it? Catharine Mac Kinnon argues that "In prostitution, women have sex with men they would never otherwise have sex with.A proportion of feminists are strongly opposed to prostitution, as they see the practice as a form of violence against women, which should not be tolerated by society.Feminists who hold such views on prostitution include Kathleen Barry, Melissa Farley, These feminists do argue that, in most cases, prostitution is not a conscious and calculated choice.Anti-prostitution feminists argue that prostitution is a practice which leads to serious negative long-term effects for the prostitutes, such as trauma, stress, depression, anxiety, self-medication through alcohol and drug use, eating disorders and a greater risk for self-harm and suicide, as they say prostitution is an exploitative practice, which involves a woman who has sex with customers to whom she is not attracted, and which also routinely exposes the women to psychological, physical and sexual violence.Andrea Dworkin stated her opinions as: "Prostitution in and of itself is an abuse of a woman's body. It is impossible to use a human body in the way women's bodies are used in prostitution and to have a whole human being at the end of it, or in the middle of it, or close to the beginning of it. And no woman gets whole again later, after.” Anti-prostitution feminists are extremely critical of sex-positive perspectives, wherein prostitution by choice is said to be part of the sexual liberation of women, that it can be empowering for women, etc.Second, they agree that authentic consent is the sine qua non of legitimate sex, whether in commercial or non-commercial form.Third, all feminists recognize that commercial sex workers are subject to economic coercion and are often victims of violence, and that little is done to address these problems.” They go on to identify three main feminist views on the issue of prostitution.The sex work perspective also argues that governments should eliminate laws that criminalize voluntary prostitution.This, the sex work perspective asserts, will allow prostitution to be regulated by governments and business codes, protect sex trade workers, and improve the ability to prosecute people who hurt them.